How to Convert an Array to a String with Spaces in JavaScript

Last updated on June 04, 2022
How to Convert an Array to a String with Spaces in JavaScript

To convert an array to a string with spaces in JavaScript, call the join() method on the array, passing a string containing the space as an argument. For example:

const arr = ['coffee', 'milk', 'tea'];

const withSpaces = arr.join(' ');
console.log(withSpaces); // coffee milk tea

The Array join() method returns a string containing each array element concatenated with the specified separator. If no separator is passed as an argument, it will join the array elements with commas:

const arr = ['coffee', 'milk', 'tea'];

const str = arr.join();
console.log(str); // coffee,milk,tea

We can specify other separators apart from a space, like hyphens and slashes:

const arr = ['coffee', 'milk', 'tea'];

const withHypens = arr.join('-');
console.log(withHypens); // coffee-milk-tea

const withSlashes = arr.join('/');
console.log(withSlashes); // coffee/milk/tea

A separator can also contain more than one character. This allows us to separate the array elements with words or multiple spaces. For example:

const arr = ['coffee', 'milk', 'tea'];

const withAnd = arr.join(' and ');
console.log(withAnd); // coffee and milk and tea

const withOr = arr.join(' or ');
console.log(withOr); // coffee or milk or tea

const with2Spaces = arr.join('  ');
console.log(with2Spaces); // coffee  milk  tea

Note: If an element in the array is undefinednull, or an empty array ([]), it will be converted to an empty string ('') before concatenation with the separator. For example:

const arr = ['coffee', null, 'milk', []];

const withComma = arr.join(',');
console.log(withComma); // coffee,,milk,

const withSpaces = arr.join(' ');
console.log(withSpaces); // coffee  milk

See also