How to Add a Class Conditionally in Vue

Last updated on October 06, 2022
How to Add a Class Conditionally in Vue

To add a class conditionally to an element in Vue, set the class prop to a JavaScript object where for each property, the key is the class name, and the value is the boolean condition that must be true for the class to be set on the element.

<p
  v-bind:class="{
    'class-1': class1,
    'class-2': class2,
  }"
>
  Coding
</p>

Here's a complete example:

App.vue

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input
      type="checkbox"
      name="class-1"
      v-model="class1"
    />
    <label for="class-1">Class 1</label>

    <br />

    <input
      type="checkbox"
      name="class-2"
      v-model="class2"
    />
    <label for="class-2">Class 2</label>

    <!-- 👇 Add classes conditionally -->
    <p
      v-bind:class="{
        'class-1': class1,
        'class-2': class2,
      }"
    >
      Coding
    </p>
    <p
      v-bind:class="{
        'class-1': class1,
        'class-2': class2,
      }"
    >
      Beauty
    </p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      class1: false,
      class2: false,
    };
  },
};
</script>

<style>
.class-1 {
  font-size: 2em;
  font-weight: bold;
}

.class-2 {
  color: blue;
  text-transform: uppercase;
}
</style>
Setting a class conditionally in Vue.
The classes are only applied when their respective checkboxes are checked.

The class-1 class will only present on the element if the class1 variable is true, and the class-2 class will only be present if the class2 variable is true. The values of these variables are determined by the current checked state of their respective checkboxes since we use v-model to set up a two-way binding between the variables and the checkboxes.

11 Amazing New Features in ES13

11 Amazing New Features in ES13
Get up to speed with all the latest features added in ECMAScript 13 to modernize your JavaScript with shorter and more expressive code.

Use :class shorthand

We can use :class as a shorthand for v-bind:class.

<p
  :class="{
    'class-1': class1,
    'class-2': class2,
  }"
>
  Coding
</p>
<p
  :class="{
    'class-1': class1,
    'class-2': class2,
  }"
>
  Beauty
</p>

Pass object as computed property

The JavaScript object passed doesn't have to be inline. It can be stored as a computed property in the Vue component instance.

<template>
  <div id="app">
    ...
    <!-- 👇 Add classes conditionally -->
    <p :class="classObject">Coding</p>
    <p :class="classObject">Beauty</p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      class1: false,
      class2: false,
    };
  },
  computed: {
    // 👇 Computed object property
    classObject() {
      return {
        'class-1': this.class1,
        'class-2': this.class2,
      };
    },
  },
};
</script>
...

Add both static and dynamic classes

We can set the class prop on the same element twice, once to add static classes, and once to add the dynamic classes that will be present based on certain conditions.

For example:

<template>
  <div id="app">
    <input
      type="checkbox"
      name="class-1"
      v-model="class1"
    />
    <label for="class-1">Class 1</label>

    <br />

    <input
      type="checkbox"
      name="class-2"
      v-model="class2"
    />
    <label for="class-2">Class 2</label>

    <!-- 👇 Add classes conditionally and statically -->
    <p
      class="static-1 static-2"
      :class="{ 'class-1': class1, 'class-2': class2 }"
    >
      Coding
    </p>
    <p
      class="static-1 static-2"
      :class="{ 'class-1': class1, 'class-2': class2 }"
    >
      Beauty
    </p>
  </div>
</template>

<script>
export default {
  data() {
    return {
      class1: false,
      class2: false,
    };
  },
};
</script>

<style>
.class-1 {
  font-size: 2em;
  font-weight: bold;
}

.class-2 {
  color: blue;
  text-transform: uppercase;
}

/* 👇 Classes to add statically */
.static-1 {
  font-family: 'Segoe UI';
}

.static-2 {
  font-style: italic;
}
</style>
Adding a class conditionally in Vue.
The texts are styled with static classes before being conditionally styled with dynamic classes.

The static-1 and static-2 classes are always applied to the texts, making them italic and changing the font.

11 Amazing New Features in ES13

11 Amazing New Features in ES13
Get up to speed with all the latest features added in ECMAScript 13 to modernize your JavaScript with shorter and more expressive code.

See also